Then, narrow your topic to manageable size:. Childhood diseases Too Broad: Once you have decided on a topic and determined that enough information is available, you are ready to proceed. At this point, however, if you are having difficulty finding adequate quality information, stop wasting your time; find another topic. First read a general article on your topic, for example from an encyclopedia.
If you need to know what publication information is needed for the various types of sources, see a writing guide such as S F Writer. On the index cards or in your notebook, write down information you want to use from each identified source, including page numbers.
Use quotation marks on anything you copy exactly, so you can distinguish later between exact quotes and paraphrasing. You will still attribute information you have quoted or paraphrased. Some students use a particular index card method throughout the process of researching and writing that allows them great flexibility in organizing and re-organizing as well as in keeping track of sources; others color-code or otherwise identify groups of facts.
Use any method that works for you in later drafting your paper, but always start with good recordkeeping. Mind map or outline Based on your preliminary reading, draw up a working mind map or outline. Include any important, interesting, or provocative points, including your own ideas about the topic.
A mind map is less linear and may even include questions you want to find answers to. Use the method that works best for you. The object is simply to group ideas in logically related groups. You may revise this mind map or outline at any time; it is much easier to reorganize a paper by crossing out or adding sections to a mind map or outline than it is to laboriously start over with the writing itself. Focus and craftsmanship Write a well defined, focused, three- to five-point thesis statement, but be prepared to revise it later if necessary.
Take your time crafting this statement into one or two sentences, for it will control the direction and development of your entire paper. Facts and examples Now begin your heavy-duty research. Try the internet, electronic databases, reference books, newspaper articles, and books for a balance of sources.
For each source, write down on an index card or on a separate page of your notebook the publication information you will need for your works cited MLA or bibliography APA page. Write important points, details, and examples, always distinguishing between direct quotes and paraphrasing. As you read, remember that an expert opinion is more valid than a general opinion, and for some topics in science and history, for example , more recent research may be more valuable than older research.
Avoid relying too heavily on internet sources, which vary widely in quality and authority and sometimes even disappear before you can complete your paper. Never copy-and-paste from internet sources directly into any actual draft of your paper.
For more information on plagiarism, obtain from the Butte College Student Services office a copy of the college's policy on plagiarism, or attend the Critical Skills Plagiarism Workshop given each semester. Matching mind map and thesis After you have read deeply and gathered plenty of information, expand or revise your working mind map or outline by adding information, explanations, and examples.
Aim for balance in developing each of your main points they should be spelled out in your thesis statement. Return to the library for additional information if it is needed to evenly develop these points, or revise your thesis statement to better reflect what you have learned or the direction your paper seems to have taken. Beginning in the middle Write the body of the paper, starting with the thesis statement and omitting for now the introduction unless you already know exactly how to begin, but few writers do.
As you develop your introduction, you can move from the literature to focus in on your own work and its position relevant to the broader scholarship. By making clear reference to existing work you can demonstrate explicitly the specific contribution you are making to move the field forward.
You can identify a gap in the existing scholarship and explain how you are addressing it and moving understanding forward.
Elaborate on the rationale of your paper. Once you have framed your work within a broader context you can elaborate more fully on the rationale of your research and its particular strengths and importance. The rationale should clearly and concisely indicate the value of your paper and its contribution to the field. For example, if you are writing a scientific paper you could stress the merits of the experimental approach or models you have used.
Stress what is novel in your research and the significance of your new approach, but don't give too much detail in the introduction. State your research questions. Once you have indicated where your research sits in the field and the general rationale for your paper, you can specify the research questions the paper addresses.
The literature review and rationale frames your research and introduces your research question. This question should be developed fluently from the earlier parts of the introduction and shouldn't come as a surprise to the reader. An example of a research question could be "what were the consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement on the Mexican export economy? A good research question should shape a problem into a testable hypothesis. After you have specified your research questions you need to give a clear and concise articulation of your hypothesis, or your thesis statement.
This is a statement which indicates your essay will make a specific contribution and have a clear result rather than just covering a broader topic. If possible try to avoid using the word "hypothesis" and rather make this implicit in your writing.
In a scientific paper, giving a clear one-sentence overview of your results and their relation to your hypothesis makes the information clear and accessible. Outline the structure of your paper. In some cases the final part of an introduction to a research paper will be a few lines that provide an overview of the structure of the body of the paper.
This is not always necessary and you should pay attention to the writing conventions in your discipline. In a natural sciences paper, for example, there is a fairly rigid structure which you will be following. Sample Research Introduction for Humanities. Sample Research Introduction Starters. There's no official word count for an introduction but brevity is the soul of clarity. Do a sentence to get the reader interested in your topic and a sentence to state your thesis.
You also want to include a few sentences briefly outlining the important points in the paper and some background information, if necessary. Write at least five to eight clear, concise sentences. Get to the point and don't make it too wordy. Not Helpful 13 Helpful I want to write an introduction on my research; the topic is carbohydrates.
How can I do this? Carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients in our diet fat and protein being the others. They exist in many forms and are mainly found in starchy foods such as bread, pasta, and rice, as well as in some beverages, e.
Carbohydrates represent the most important source of energy for the body, and are vital for a varied and balanced diet. Not Helpful 21 Helpful Start with "I am so and so, here to present this" and not "My name is so and so. Not Helpful 24 Helpful How would I write a research introduction about addiction to online gaming? Explain how online gaming has become a daily activity for many people and how it becomes addictive. Outline the basic points of the research you plan to present in the rest of your paper without getting into specifics.
Not Helpful 16 Helpful How do I write a research introduction on the high school drop out rate? Start with a statistic and work from there. The best thing you can start with is a catchy piece of information or phrase. Not Helpful 7 Helpful How do I write a research introduction on computer buses and performance? You can say something like: Regardless of that the computer performance can be hindered by various ways.
According to this research l discovered the following.. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 2. I am writing about restorative justice, plea of temporary insanity for murder and what we can do as psychologists.
Can you give me a clue for introduction? Give an overview of the current state, heavily cited, and why it leads you to believe a closer look is warranted. Use the intro to provide justification for the rest of the paper being written. Not Helpful 17 Helpful Basketball is too broad of a topic. What specifically do you want to talk about? Do you want to talk about what it is like to work as a player? The dangers of the sport? How the sport has changed from when it was first invented?
Not Helpful 7 Helpful 6. Is it an argumentative essay or an objective informative essay? You can talk about the history of how cigarettes came to be, why they are sold in stores, health issues, what they are made of, etc. Not Helpful 8 Helpful 5. Often stated as a question, the problem should be focused narrowly on the problem being studied. Define the purpose of the study: The literature review provides information about what is already known, provides information about concepts, and how the concepts have been measured.
Not Helpful 2 Helpful 0. My research is about the relationship of communicable diseases and teenagers consumption of hygienic soap products. How can I start introducing it? Answer this question Flag as How can I write an introduction for the topic of the perception of parents regarding the implementation of mainstreaming and inclusion of student with disabilities? How do I start the introduction of my term paper on the role played by the senate and governing council in their convocation?
A research paper is a piece of academic writing based on its author’s original research on a particular topic, and the analysis and interpretation of the research findings. It can be either a term paper, a master’s thesis or a doctoral dissertation.
Starting a research paper won’t be so difficult if you have chosen the right topic – if you are interested in and inspired by the chosen topic, this will help you write faster. 7 Steps On How To Begin A Research Paper .
All in all, these are the 5 cornerstone reasons why more and more students look up research paper help on the web. With a couple of options available, everyone can easily choose and opt for the kind of service required here and now. Let’s analyze them and choose most suitable. Start strong. In your research, have you come across an odd factoid or interesting quote? Try starting your paper with that. How about starting with an anecdotal story or humor? Middle Sentences: The middle sentences cover the different points in your paper. If you've already planned which order to write the points in the paper, you already know which order to place them in your introductory paragraph. .
Writing a research paper is a challenge for many high school and college students. One of the biggest hang-ups many students have is getting started. Finding a topic and doing the research may be half the battle, but putting words to paper or starting an introduction often proves to be an intimidating task. May 14, · Expert Reviewed. How to Write a Research Introduction. Four Parts: Introducing the Topic of the Paper Establishing the Context for Your Paper Specifying Your Research Questions and Hypothesis Research Introduction Help Community Q&A The introduction to a research paper can be the most challenging part of the paper to write%().