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Explain the challenges and difficulties faced by the tsarist government of Russia between the mids and How did tsarism respond to these challenges? Discuss the relationship between the tsarist hierarchy, the Russian nobility and the powerful land-owning class. How did the actions of these groups contribute to the development of revolutionary sentiment?
On what basis did tsarism claim authority to rule Russia? What people or groups both reinforced and disseminated the idea of tsarist authority?
To what extent did the leadership and policies of Tsar Alexander III lay the groundwork for revolutions in Russia in and ? Discuss the ideas, composition and methods of revolutionary movements in late 19th century Russia. To what extent were these movements able to reform or moderate tsarism? To what extent was this true? Explain how the program of economic modernisation championed by Sergei Witte contributed to revolutionary sentiment in Russia.
Describe the ideas and methods adopted by Russian revolutionary movements in the 50 years prior to With reference to three specific groups, explain why 19th-century Russian revolutionary groups were unable to overthrow, reform or moderate tsarism.
What were the short-term and long-term ramifications of this split, both for the party and for Russia? According to Vladimir Ulyanov Lenin , what were the requirements for a successful revolutionary and a successful revolutionary party?
Discuss how the Bolshevik and Menshevik parties each attempted to foment change between and February Which group was more successful and why? Discuss the size, composition and policy platform of the Socialist Revolutionary party. What role did this party play in opposing tsarism before and during the Revolution? Examine the composition and policy positions of the liberal movement in early s Russia.
Who belonged to liberal groups and what system of government did they desire? Evaluate the role played by the Bolshevik party and its individual members in both the and February revolutions. To what extent is this statement true? Was the petition drafted by Georgi Gapon and the Putilov workers in early a simple list of grievances about working conditions? Or was it an incitement to political revolution? To what extent was this true and how did it affect the outcomes of the revolution?
What do they reveal about his commitment to reform? What was contained in the October Manifesto and what impact did this document have on the progress of the Revolution? Compare and evaluate the contribution of the Bolsheviks, Mensheviks and the Socialist-Revolutionaries to the Revolution. What lessons do you think were learned by the Russian revolutionaries from ? Explain how tsarist chief minister Piotr Stolypin responded to the events of How successful were these responses in reestablishing tsarist authority?
Explore the activities and the role of the first three Dumas between and To what extent were these bodies effective or influential? Examine the effectiveness and popularity of the tsarist government between and How and why did the outbreak of World War I impact on tsarist authority? Discuss the actions of Grigori Rasputin between and How did Rasputin contribute to revolutionary sentiment in the build-up to February ? Discuss the role played by the fourth Duma and its Provisional Committee in the development of the February Revolution and the overthrow of tsarism.
Did Nicholas II contribute to his own doom — or was he a victim of circumstance? Describe the political, economic and social impact that World War I had on Russia and its people, with a particular focus on the year Explain how errors of judgement and mismanagement by the tsar and tsarina in February contributed to the overthrow of tsarism.
Discuss the role of propaganda and public perception in bringing down tsarism in February Refer to at least three specific pieces of propaganda. Following the Decree the Soviet government adopted other laws: The Declaration proclaimed that there are no dominant nations and oppressed nations in Russia, that all peoples shall have an equal right to the free development, self-determination up to secession and the formation of an independent state.
The October Revolution marked the beginning of a deep, all-encompassing social change around the world. The landed estates were transferred into the hands of the peasantry for free, and the factories, mines, railways — in the hands of the workers by making them public property.
The paper will discuss reasons of October Revolution as well as the stages of the Revolution. There are some debates around historical timeline of Russian Revolution. Michael Karpovich clearly defines Russian revolution as a period from June-July to the beginning of November Karpovich On the contrary, Alan Wood traces the origins of the revolution back to when serfdom was abolished in Russia.
On August 1, Russia entered the First World War, which lasted until November 11, , the cause of which was the struggle for spheres of influence at a time when the European single market and the legal framework were not established. In this war Russia was the defending side. Although the patriotism and heroism of soldiers and officers was great, there was not a single will, no serious plans of war, nor an adequate supply of ammunition, uniforms and food.
This inspired the uncertainty of the army. It was losing its soldiers and suffered defeats. But the situation did not improve. During the war Russia did not have a credible government and authoritative Prime Minister.
The predominance of military production on civil and rising food prices led to the steady growth of the prices of all consumer goods. At the same time wages have not kept pace with rising prices. Discontent grew both in the rear and at the front. And it appealed primarily against the monarch and his government. Among a number of prominent politicians, semi-legal organizations and clubs matured a plot;the dismissal of Nicholas II from power was widely discussed.
It was supposed to capture the king train between Mogilev and Petrograd and force the monarch to abdicate. The October Revolution was a major step in the transformation of the feudal state into a bourgeois. October created a fundamentally new Soviet state. The October Revolution was caused by a number of objective and subjective reasons. The objective, first of all, should include the class contradictions, aggravated in The Russian bourgeoisie, young and inexperienced, failed to see the danger coming from class tensions and failed to take sufficient action to reduce the intensity of the class struggle.
The bourgeois government that came to power after February Revolution also failed to see that conflicts in the village developed even more acute. They were openly eager to get all the land and get rid of the old exploiters. In addition, from the beginning of the twentieth century a new contradiction, associated with the differentiation of the peasantry, aggravated in the village.
Stolypin tried to create a new class of property owners in the village due to redistribution of peasant lands associated with the destruction of the community. Now the peasant masses got a new enemy — the Kulaks, hated even more, because they came from the peasant environment.
In addition to internal contradictions the World War Iby caused the overwhelming majority of people suffering from diverse hardships of war and longing for speedy conclusion of peace. Only the bourgeoisie that acquired capital through military supplies advocated continuation of the war to a victorious end.
But the war had other effects as well. First of all, it gave arms to the vast masses of workers and peasants, taught them to handle weapons, and helped to overcome the natural barrier that prohibits a person to kill other people.
Another important reason of Revolution is the weakness of the Provisional Government and its state apparatus. Being unable to solve the pressing problems of society and questions of peace, bread and land, the Provisional Government lost authority and legitimacy along with the increasing influence and significance of the Soviets, who had promised to give the people all the things it craved. The socialist ideas appealed to the broad masses of the society and, what is more important, intelligentsia that lead the peasants Wade 9.
The Bolshevik Party was ready to lead the masses to revolution and used variety of methods to achieve their goal. This party was not the largest in size, however, was the most organized and purposeful. As a result, the October armed uprising in Petrograd triumphed with greater ease than the February Revolution, and turned out to be almost bloodless due to a combination of all the above factors.
Its result was the emergence of the Soviet State. Francois Vercammen distinguishes between six main stages of the revolution: On the second stage one can observe the growing dissatisfaction with regime and mass strikes of people who demanded bread and peace. The mass society felt its power when starting to organize into soviets councils. On the third stage between the end of February to the end of October a very specific kind of revolutionary situation took place: The working class was not ready to take full power and therefore existed as a parallel to official government structure.
A network of organizations and councils quickly became dangerous to the existing regime.
- Russian Revolution Essay. Throughout history there have been many revolutions between the population of a country and its government. People always want change, usually in the directions of freedom, peace and equality and in the lead up to the Russian revolution; there were a variety of social, political and economic situations that all played their part.
The Russian revolution was not as many people suppose, one well organized even in which Tsar Nicholas II was overthrown. Lenin and the Bolsheviks took power.
You can order a custom essay, term paper, research paper, thesis or dissertation on Russian Revolution topics at our professional custom essay writing service which provides students with custom papers written by highly qualified academic writers. High quality and no plagiarism guarantee! This essay aims to discuss the consequences and significance that the Russian revolution in , brought to the world and in Russia. It covers issues such as the changes in Russia and the world. Firstly, it looks at the changes in Russia.
Russian Revolution and Orwell Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution have many similarities and ideas. The characters, settings, and the plots are the same. In addition Animal Farm is a satire and allegory of the Russian Revolution, George Orwell meant for it to be that way. The Russian Revolution of was a rebellion of the Russian people against the rule of the Russian emperor, Nicholas II. Russia was going through changes in the early ’s and the late ’s.