Athletic and fine motor skills become more advanced. Puberty begins with rising hormone levels in late childhood. Gender specific physical changes appear, such as enlargement of breasts in girls and testes in boys. In physical maturation, on average, boys lag 2 years behind girls.
Variations in onset of puberty impact personality development. Cognitive development is the mental process of knowing. Children learn how to use words and symbols. Social interactions with parents and playmates teach children about the world.
They get the ability to communicate with others. In middle childhood, they start to understand the process of logical principles. Their capacity of memory grows.
Their ability to think about their own thoughts increases. In this stage, children have the ability to learn different languages. Their language skills expand including synonyms, categories, double meaning, metaphors, humor, and complex grammatical structure.
They also gain logical thinking process. Their planning skills and memory strategies improve through the years of late childhood. In childhood, the process of emotion and personality is psychosocial development. Children become aware of playing alone or with others using their imagination. Children have the ability to initiate new activities. Their first awareness of gender roles emerges, understanding the difference between a girl and a boy. Children learn what they are being taught by their parents.
However, Socialization in school encourages them to think about world outside their home. Looking for help, trust, and similar interest becomes needed more from their peers and friends. The more involved children are in the outside world the better their understanding of the importance of family, economics, and political conditions. Their motivation for affiliation with others, competence, and personal achievement increases.
Children find better strategies for dealing with their stress and problems. Between the ages of ten and twelve, appreciation of connection between moral rules and social conventions strengthens. This is so because it is considered beautiful in their culture for girls to have long and slender necks; it is a part of their culture. In addition, environmental and cultural factors such as television, internet, and media amongst others can play a major role to influence development in adolescence.
Adolescence is also a time of changes occurring in the development of cognition. Piaget developed a theory of cognitive development which emphasize on the four stages that children must go through. Since the focus of this paper is adolescence, I would discuss the formal operational stage in depth as it is developed in ages of 11 and up. Formal Operational stage can be characterized by abstract thinking, logical thought and hypothetical reasoning.
In addition to attaining the ability to think abstractly, children in this phase have very egocentric way of thinking. In other words, they cannot differentiate between what they are thinking and what others are thinking. This egocentric thought may be characterized into two ways: The factors that influence cognitive development in adolescents can be held responsible to both genetics and environmental influences.
In terms of hereditary influences, if either of the two parents biological of the child is suffering from mental health disorder such as schizophrenia, then it is very likely that the offspring will also develop this disorder.
Hence, this will in turn disrupt the development of cognitive processes such as formal operational stage in the child. Moreover, environment can also play a vital role in the cognitive development of an adolescent. For instance, if a child has grown up in a happy and a healthy environment where parents practice an authoritative parenting style then the child is more likely to reach the formal operational stage earlier and successfully in the adolescence years. Also, such an authoritative style of parenting facilitates good decision making in children.
In other words, when given a choice between healthy and unhealthy behaviors such as having unprotected sex, driving experimenting with drugs and alcohol; these children are less likely to take such decisions and act on it.
Social development is studied by reflecting on the significance of attachment in ones life. Adolescence is a time when individuals tend to spend more time with peers than the primary caregivers.
Not only that, adolescence is also a time when children group together to form cliques, intimate relationships and experiment with sexuality. The factor that affects social development is attachment.
Vast amount of research has been done on the relationship between the type of attachment style formed in the younger years and the relationships formed later in the adolescent and adult life.
Furthermore, conflicts with parents increased and this was particularly true for girls than boys McGue et. Morality can be explained as the ability to differentiate between right and wrong. Moral development also begins to develop in the adolescent years. Kohlberg, one of the most influential researchers in psychology has developed a model of moral development. His stages of development include Pre-conventional level, Conventional level and Post- conventional level.
Since the focus of our paper is on adolescence, I will investigate conventional level in detail as it is developed in this age. Conventional level consist of stage 3 good child orientation and 4 law-and-order orientation. In Stage 3, the primary moral concern is with being nice and gaining approval. In stage 4, the individual takes into account a larger perspective-societal laws.
Stage 4 individuals understand that if everyone violated laws, even with good intentions, there would be chaos. Stage 1 — Trust vs. MistrustStage 2 — Autonomy vs. Shame and DoubtStage 3 — Initiative vs. GuiltStage 4 — Industry vs. InferiorityStage 5 — Identity vs. IsolationStage 7 — Generativity vs.
StagnationStage 8 — Integrity vs. Erikson claims that during this period, the individual questions and searches for their own identity and their role in society.
2 Lifespan Development and Personality Paper Introduction Early childhood is a time of remarkable physical, cognitive, social and emotional development. Infants enter the world with a limited range of skills and abilities. Watching a child develop new motor, cognitive, language and social skills is a source of wonder for parents and caregivers according 98%(50).
Life Span Development and Personality Paper PSY/ Life span development is a study into a person’s life. The type of person, the person’s traits and what makes him or her different is the building blocks of a person’s personality.
Lifespan Development and Personality Paper There are many factors that affect the physical, cognitive, social, moral, and personality development in an adolescent. Adolescence, as defined in the Webster dictionary, is . Lifespan Development and Personality Paper There are many factors that affect the physical, cognitive, social, moral, and personality development in an adolescent.
Lifespan Development and Personality Paper Lifespan Development and Personality Paper Adolescence, also known as teenage years is a time of dramatic change. Adolescence is a period in one’s life in which major physiological, cognitive, and behavioral changes take place. This phase of life marks a developmental period that %(18). In this paper, I will discuss the various factors that affect the physical, cognitive, social, moral, and personality development of adolescents. Adolescence is a time of rapid physical growth which is illustrated by the drastic growth spurt in the height, weight and skeletal muscles.