However, the conservation of biomass needs appropriate pretreatments in order to guarantee a high quality and yield of fuel and fiber production. This study looked into the possibility of developing a large scale drying system for Sorghum Bagasse. Biomass conservation using an optimised drying process for energy Sorghum Bagasse. Sorghum Bagasse in recent years has emerged as a promising feedstock for production of biofuels and value-added products following various biological conversion pathways.
However, adequate conservation is critical for utilising Sorghum However, adequate conservation is critical for utilising Sorghum Bagasse as a feedstock for fuel production around the year in bioenergy plants. Therefore, this study aims to examine the pressure drop as a function of airflow velocity and construct Shedd's curves for energy Sorghum Bagasse. The ambition was to facilitate large-scale drying systems for biomass conservation.
The Bagasse was prepared by extracting the juice from the harvested sorghum and passing through a juicing machine. Afterwards, it was manually chopped and stored on a wooden platform having 2. The airflow velocities 0. The different pressure drop in the drum containing Sorghum Bagasse Pressure drop was further increased with increasing airflow velocity, and it was found in line with the values of pressure drop for ear and shelled corn, as reported in ASABE standards.
Shedd's curves for Sorghum Bagasse samples were developed, as these curves can be used for designing large-scale aeration systems for chopped energy sorghum. The whole production chain of biofuel by conserving biomass can be improved by the findings of this work, thus allowing the biomass to be used more economically around the year in bioenergy plants.
Large deposits of coal in the world enable to utilize in composite fuel with water and diesel, which help reducing the demand of petroleum fuels. This composite used in different thermal machines, especially in plant combustion engines This composite used in different thermal machines, especially in plant combustion engines with no change in the fuel combustion technology.
A carbon powder containing small molecules dissolved in water in-coal-water-fuel CWF -is good fuel for applying in large capacity engines in electrical plants. This paper gives necessary information about obtaining of water-coal emulsion including its physical properties and focuses on the action of sea water vapor in CWF. The experimental tests indicate a higher thermal efficiency of engine fueled by water—coal-fuel emulsion than engine fueled by black oil lonely.
The increased emission of CO2 or NOx can be reduced in the plants simply by chemical reduction. The paper explains the appropriate ratios leading to effective combustion process. This paper is a certain challenge for finding a new fuel sources as a competition for crude oil. The thermal behavior of different ratios of composite fuel were measured in thermo-gravimetric station under normal atmosphere pressure, to determine the appropriate ratio of CWF.
From Trash to Transportation: Our group identifies the growing problem of Our group identifies the growing problem of greenhouse gas emissions as a result of nonrenewable resources and fossil fuels; the most prevalent of these fuels are currently diesel and compressed natural gas. We assess the state of the current MBTA fleet, as well as how our proposal would affect costs, transit, and incentives. We use existing refuse derived fuel RDF facilities as models to compare with the city of Boston, as it is a relatively new source of energy production.
The use of RDF will effectively replace the current method of generating electricity through the burning of natural gas and will only affect battery electric and hybrid buses. Additionally, the city of Boston can save millions of dollars per year on waste management. Our calculations determine that the decrease in future energy and healthcare costs as a result of RDF will offset the initial price. Furthermore, our group relates our research with several interdisciplinary studies: Effect of co-substrates on biogas production and anaerobic decomposition of pentachlorophenol.
This study aims to examine the effect of different co-substrates on the anaerobic degradation of pentachlorophenol PCP with simultaneous production of biogas. Acetate and glucose were added as co-substrates to monitor and compare the Acetate and glucose were added as co-substrates to monitor and compare the methanogenic reaction during PCP degradation.
Methane CH4 production was higher in glucose-fed anaerobic reactors with the highest amount of CH4 Scanning electron microscopy SEM demonstrates the high porous structure of anaerobic sludge with uniform channels confirming better mass transfer and high PCP removal. The study shows that strategic operation of the anaerobic reactor can be a feasible option for efficient degradation of complex substrates like PCP along with the production of biogas.
This re search work in ves ti gates the use of neat par a dise tree oil in a 4-stroke nat u ral as pi rated di rect in jec tion com pres sion ig ni tion en gine as sisted with the help of super-heated hy dro gen hy dro gen in gas eous This re search work in ves ti gates the use of neat par a dise tree oil in a 4-stroke nat u ral as pi rated di rect in jec tion com pres sion ig ni tion en gine as sisted with the help of super-heated hy dro gen hy dro gen in gas eous state or above its sat u ra tion tem per a ture as a com bus tion improver.
The high cal o rific gas eous fuel hy dro gen gas was used as a com bus tion improver and ad mit ted into the en gine dur ing the suc tion stroke. A 4-stroke sin gle cyl in der Die sel en gine was cho sen and its op er at ing pa ram e ters were suit ably mod i fied. Neat par a dise tree oil was ad mit ted through stan dard in jec tor of the en gine and hy dro gen was ad mit ted through in duc tion man i fold.
Also, since the National Emergency Policy Act was passed electric vehicles have been promoted greatly all over the country and the Government even offers tax breaks for owners of electric vehicles. Since transportation, because of the massive amounts of oil used, is the single biggest air polluting industry in the world there is a great need to create a vehicle that does not rely on oil.
Electric vehicles seem to be the best answer to this problem. Also, the emissions from internal combustion automobiles have lead to the depletion of the ozone, which "could increase the amount of ultraviolet radiation reaching the earth, where it damages crops and plants and can lead to skin cancer". Air Pollution The usage of oil can also bring great harm to the world economic system and replacing gasoline fueled cars with electric vehicles would greatly reduce the horrible economic impact that oil will eventually bring to the globe.
In as little as 5 years oil shortages could cause a major oil shock where the price oil per barrel could triple. To most people this evidence is hard to believe. The average consumer thinks that because the price of oil is so low now it will stay that way and the depletion of our oil supply is light years away. This common notion is, however, false.
Many geologists and geophysicists agree that global oil productions will peak in the year and only a small fraction of the oil produced today will be produced due to oil depletion in the year Page 1 of Read Full Essay Save.
Only available on ReviewEssays. Permission granted to reproduce for personal use only. Commercial copying, hiring, lending is prohibited. The present study aims to investigate the thermal and catalytic pyrolysis of CD case wastes over natural zeolite catalyst. The effect of temperature and catalyst on product yields have been investigated for each condition. Furthermore, the effect of natural zeolite NZ catalyst on pyrolysis products was also studied at various catalyst to feedstock ratio.
The results showed that the temperature and catalyst affected the products yield and liquid composition. Furthermore an estimated 5. Biodiesel can easily be used as an alternative fuel in diesel engines.
It is environmentally friendly and can be produced from low-cost feedstocks such as waste cooking oil WCO. WCO contains a significant amount of free fatty acid, WCO contains a significant amount of free fatty acid, which is extracted by a two-step process of converting the free fatty acid by acid catalysis H2S04 and converting the triglycerides using an NaOH catalyst.
Currently, the major challenge for the industrial production of biodiesel is optimizing the yield while meeting American Society for Testing and Materials ASTM standards. In this study, experiments were performed to optimize the reaction conditions. The studied experimental parameters were the alcohol types methanol, ethanol , the alcohol-to-oil molar ratio AOMR; 3: The biodiesel production yield BPY was optimized based on the experimental data.
The optimum value of the BPY based on methanol is In the case of ethanol, the optimum BPY is These results of biodiesel production were confirmed by the experimental data.
Addressing the contemporary waste management is seeing a shift towards energy production while managing waste sustainably. Consequently, waste treatment through gasification is slowly taking over the waste incineration with multiple Consequently, waste treatment through gasification is slowly taking over the waste incineration with multiple benefits, including simultaneous waste management and energy production while reducing landfill volumes and displacing conventional fossil fuels.
Only in the UK, there are around 14 commercial plants built to operate on gasification technology. These include fixed bed and fluidized bed gasification reactors. Ultra-clean tar free gasification of waste is now the best available technique and has experienced a significant shift from two-stage gasification and combustion towards a one-stage system for gasification and syngas cleaning.
Nowadays in gasification sector, more companies are developing commercial plants with tar cracking and syngas cleaning. Moreover, gasification can be a practical scheme when applying ultra-clean syngas for a gas turbine with heat recovery by steam cycle for district heating and cooling DHC systems. This chapter aims to examine the recent trends in gasification-based waste-to-energy technologies. Furthermore, types of gasification technologies, their challenges and future perspectives in various applications are highlighted in detail.
For global warming, LNG is worse than conventional liquid fuels. With this respect, LNG should be viewed only as a SOx and NOx compliant fuel and those that invest in it 'should proceed on these grounds', he noted. Not to mention the nasty inputs e. However, with regards to its global warming effect, LNG-knowingly or not-has been credited with Global Warming reducing capability which is simply false.
There are enough inconvenient truths in the maritime regulations already, but this one is the most important of all: I submit the stakes are higher with LNG and those of us who " know " should stop pretending, while those that don't should educate themselves.
Well, none of the previous two figures is really accurate. But years is erroneously used in this case. That time horizon started being used because this is the lifespan of CO2 in the atmosphere.
But this is irrelevant. We should care what LNG does to the atmosphere for the next few years. In fact it is worse than conventional fuels. Energy generation through bioelectrochemical degradation of pentachlorophenol in microbial fuel cell. Bio-electrochemical degradation of pentachlorophenol was carried out in single as well as dual chambered microbial fuel cell MFC with simultaneous production of electricity.
The maximum cell potential was recorded to be and mV The maximum cell potential was recorded to be and mV in single and dual chambered systems respectively. The highest coulombic efficiency for single and dual chambered counterparts was found to be GC-MS data revealed that pentachlorophenol was more effectively degraded under aerobic conditions in dual-chambered MFC. Real-time polymerase chain reaction showed the dominance of exoelectrogenic Geobacter in the two reactor systems with a slightly higher concentration in the dual-chambered system.
The findings of this work suggested that the aerobic treatment of pentachlorophenol in cathodic compartment of dual chambered MFC is better than its anaerobic treatment in single chambered MFC in terms of chemical oxygen demand COD removal and output power density. Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD study of compression ignition CI engines provides invaluable insights into in-cylinder conditions and processes, which greatly expands on the very limited detail provided by engine output measurements, Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD study of compression ignition CI engines provides invaluable insights into in-cylinder conditions and processes, which greatly expands on the very limited detail provided by engine output measurements, fuel consumption measurements, and engine-out measurements of exhaust emissions.
CFD modeling and simulation has therefore become an attractive alternative for engine analysis in place of full experimental testbed study in recent years.
Alternative Fuels Research Papers provide research on Alternative Fuels and foreign fuel dependence. Science and technology courses may require a technology essay on Alternative Fuels. In your research paper, you will want to discuss various ways to end the US's dependence on foreign fuel sources.
Alternative Fuels This Research Paper Alternative Fuels and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on awaywell.gq Autor: review • September 10, • Research Paper • 4, Words (18 Pages) • 1, Views4/4(1).
- Alternative Renewable Energy “Windmills” Renewable energy is an alternative to fossil fuels and nuclear power, and was commonly called alternative energy in the s and s. Scientists have advanced a plan to power % of the world's energy with wind, hydroelectric, and solar power by the year This paper evaluates the potential of hydrogen (H2) and ammonia (NH3) as carbon‐free fuels. The combustion characteristics and NOx formation in the combustion of H2 and NH3 at different air‐fuel equivalence ratios and initial H2 concentrations in the fuel gas were experimentally studied.
Alternative Fuels Research EPA researches and evaluates the feasibility of running vehicles on non-petroleum fuels, such as alcohol fuels. The use of alternative fuels can potentially lower emissions of criteria pollutants and greenhouse gases, and reduce America’s dependence on imported oil. Alternative Fuels Research Fossil-fuels greatly contribute to the world’s global warming, smog, and other environmental problems. Development of alternative fuel sources has prompted individuals and companies to use fewer fossil fuels within the last 10 years; using alternative fuels benefits the environment in many ways.