Lower-order needs are physiological and safety needs, while social, esteem and self-actualization are higher-order needs. Lower order needs are satisfied externally with salary, union contract etc. Most criticism is focused on the fact that Maslow has conducted his research on US employees. So hierarchy of needs is based on their preferences. Security needs are on the top of the hierarchy in countries where uncertainty-avoidance characteristics are strong Japan, Greece, Mexico.
There are important considerations for management including insights into the best way to motivate employees, vendors, clients and customers. An important thing to understand is that everyone is not motivated by the same needs.
For example, managers can harness the power of physiological needs by providing wages that are sufficient for employees to purchase their basic needs.
Safety needs can be addressed by providing job security, retirement benefits and a safe working environment. An example of safety would be with the rising crime rate in South Africa, for an individual to feel safe one will have walls erected around ones property, have alarm systems installed or maybe even get a watch dog.
Others might even go to the extent of having electric fencing installed or having CCTV cameras put around their home. Doing all these things will allow the individual to feel safe and secure in their home and not stress as much about the crime rate. Social The third level on the hierarchy is social needs. This focuses on the need to develop meaningful relationships with others. The social need is the need to have friends, belong to groups and to be accepted by others. Everyone wants to have the feeling of being appreciated and loved by others; social needs are powerful and can consume someone till the need is met Steinberg, Depending on the pressure of the surroundings, it can often overcome survival and safety needs.
When there is an absence of social activity, many people have been reported to suffer from loneliness, depression and social anxiety. The need for belonging to a group and being accepted by her peers out ways her other needs on the pyramid. Another example could be even though somebody does not smoke they will smoke at work so they can be accepted into a group and feel like they belong.
Esteem The fourth level on the hierarchy is the need of esteem. After a person has gained the sense of belonging, the feeling of importance comes into play.
One needs to feel successful in what one does as well as receive public recognition for ones efforts. This need is the need to respect oneself and to be respected by others Steinberg, Once the first three needs have been fulfilled, one looks at the esteem needs, things such as personal worth, social respect and self achievements.
One wants to feel that they are worth something. The need to accomplish something becomes strong at this level. If esteem is not addressed an inferiority complex and or depression will develop Schop, An example of esteem would be getting a promotion in your job. Physiological needs can control thoughts and behaviors and can cause people to feel sickness, pain and discomfort. A point that Maslow stresses is that a person cannot move to the next level of the hierarchy until the present level is fully achieved.
If the physiological needs are relatively well gratified, there then emerges a new set of needs, which categorize, as the safety needs. In the world of work, these safety needs manifest themselves in such things as the preference for job security, grievance procedures for protecting the individual from unilateral authority, saving accounts, insurance policies and the like.
Employee constantly predict the future in order to help decide what they should do next and also over long term. When they predict that they are likely to come to some harm then they feel unsafe. The greater the potential harm and the greater the likelihood of this happening, the more unsafe we feel. Physical safety means freedom from physical harm. Such harm can come form other people, such as when a mugger threatens us, or it can come from the environment such as when we are standing in a burning building.
Although Maslow does not highlight this, we can feel just as unsafe when faced with the taunts of our peers as we do when faced with the knife of a mugger. It can also be difficult to make the decision as to whether the threat is intended and real or not.
Maslows hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology, proposed by Abraham Maslow in his paper A Theory of Human Motivation. Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans innate curiosity.
Abraham Maslow is known for establishing the theory of a hierarchy of needs, writing that human beings are motivated by unsatisfied needs, and that certain lower /5(18).
These needs are essential for the existence of human beings; however they are in today’s world often taken for granted as they are usually provided for (Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, ). Survival is a physiological need and is at the bottom of the pyramid. - Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Abraham Maslow is known for establishing the theory of a hierarchy of needs, writing that human beings are motivated by unsatisfied needs, and that certain lower needs need to be satisfied before higher needs can be satisfied.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory Essay Sample. Abstract Abraham Maslow introduced a very simple way of understanding the needs of a person. The Hierarchy of Needs sorts the needs of the lowest and most basic levels to the higher levels. Essay Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Instructor Task Date Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Introduction In connection to motivation, Maslow identified a hierarchy of needs that needed to be satisfied.