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❶Charlemagne improved conditions for the common people to an extent never before accomplished through reforms in government, the military, commerce, farming, and education.


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A Administrative Reforms Charlemagne introduced new governmental reforms into his empire. He built on the existing system of seignorialism, whereby kings gave tracts of land to their nobles in exchange for loyalty and service. Charlemagne granted large landholdings called fiefs to many tribal military leaders. In addition, he appointed numerous Frankish aristocrats to the posts of counts and margraves These officials were key to administering the empire.

They were kings in miniature, with all of the administrative, judicial, and military authority of the emperor within their respective districts. Each political district had its parallel in a church district, or diocese, headed by a bishop, with similar authority in all matters related to the church.

Both counts and bishops were vassals of the emperor, and were supervised by representatives of Charlemagne known who traveled throughout the empire overseeing economic and legal matters in his name. B Economic and Legal Reforms Charlemagne reorganized the economy of his empire. It was necessary for the Church to play a role in this education of the people, because only the clergy were educated. Boussard 92 The Church also guided Charlemagne's hand as a ruler, for he took on many conquests as a necessity to spread the Christian religion throughout Europe.

Ganshoff 19 Indeed, it appears that Charlemagne's desire to spread his kingdom and government was intertwined with his desire to spread the Christian religion and have the people live according to the Word of God.

At the beginning of the Carolingian dynasty the Church was suffering from many problems. Paganistic peoples, a degradation of the Latin language, and the decline of power of the Pope or Papacy all contributed to the need for a leader to bring about reformation. Charles Martel, Pepin, and ultimately Charlemagne all took as their personal responsibility the reorganization of the Church.

Each one, as king of the Franks, saw it his duty to better the state of his churches. Ganshoff Charlemagne, through the monasteries and ultimately the "Palace School", required all priests to learn classic Latin. His purpose was to insure that church services were always conducted in the proper form, with correct pronunciation and grammar. The education of the priests also served to provide Charlemagne with a growing number of educated people for his administration, and gave his kingdom a unified written language that could be passed on throughout all of Western Europe.

The Papacy had been reduced to controlling only a small portion of land around Rome, and was under constant aggression from the Lombards. Pope Hadrian I in appealed to Charlemagne to help rebuff the Lombards, and in the winter of that year in a short and decisive campaign, the Lombards were defeated. Charlemagne then added "King of the Lombards" to his title, and gave control of the northern part of Italy to the Pope. Power in Carolingian society was based on land ownership, also known as Feudalism.

Charlemagne knew that he must have the allegiance of the people to himself, the King. To accomplish this, he looked back to the seventh century, and instituted an oath of fidelity - a promise to do nothing that would endanger the king or his sons or the royal power. The feudal monarchy created by Charlemagne had two definite characteristics: It created a direct, personal link between the subject and the king.

But more important still, anyone who broke it became guilty not only of infidelitas but also of perjury; if his infidelity was not great enough to attract the death penalty, he could still be condemned to lose his right hand as a perjurer, and what was more, in religious terms he had placed himself in a state of mortal sin. Once again, an example of the minimal separation of Church and State.

Charlemagne recognized the importance of education, not only of spreading it throughout his kingdom, but also of learning for himself the ability to read and write Latin and Greek. His desire for personal knowledge, and to educate the people, lead him to found the "Palace School" at his home, Aix-La-Chapelle.

To staff his school, Charlemagne turned to the monasteries. During the Dark Ages preceding the Carolingian dynasty, only the monks had maintained the ability to read and write. They had over the years, however, misprinted many of the books of the Bible.

Charlemagne asked the monk, Alcuin, to head the school, and commissioned him to correct the texts that had been copied incorrectly. The schools begun by Charlemagne were primarily for the education of the priests, but were open to all people. Charlemagne's Admonitio generalis stressed the importance of education for everyone. Many of the scholars brought to the Palace School were foreigners: Italians, Spaniards, and Irish, but there were also some Franks.

Holmes Charlemagne saw it his duty to create a center for science, art and literature, and to spearhead a cultural revolution in Western Europe. Charlemagne himself joined the school, attended classes, and fulfilled his scholarly duties. Bulfinch He was known to be fluent in speech, and able to eloquently express himself. He mastered Latin and Greek, but he could not speak Greek as well as he could understand it.

Charlemagne studied grammar, rhetoric, dialects and astronomy as well. He tried to write, but since he began late in life he was not very successful. Halsall 25 He also saw that his sons and daughters attended classes, as well as learning traditional Frankish traditions of riding and hunting for the boys, and cloth-making for the girls.

The education system used by Charlemagne's scholars was suprisingly like that of Classic Greek and Roman scholars. A text would be read by a student or teacher, accompanied by an explanation. Then there would be discussion of the material following the proper analytical reasoning of the time.

This method of teaching was responsible for generations of students learning to discipline their thoughts, and formed the minds of several leaders who lived in Charlemagne's day, and under the kings who followed. As King or Emperor, one of Charlemagne's primary responsibilities was to regulate laws and trade within the boundaries of the Franks. He ruled the Franks after his dad Pepin the short died.

The Frank Empire was split in half among Charlemagne and his brother Carloman Showed first characters. Showed next characters. For your convenience Manyessays provide you with custom writing service. All papers are written from scratch by only certified and experienced writers. Please contact our custom service if you have any questions concerning our service. Please enter a valid e-mail address.

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Charlemagne (Also known as Charles the Great, Charles I, Karl der Grosse, and Carolus Magnus.) King of the Franks () and Emperor of the Western World ().

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- Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, King of the Franks Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, King of the Franks (), was a strong leader who unified Western Europe through military power and the blessing of the Church.

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Sep 30,  · The Countless Lives of Charlemagne Essay Words | 5 Pages famous work about Charlemagne is a book entitled The Two Lives of Charlemagne which consists of two separate biographies published into one book and tells the story of Charlemagne's life as . Charlemagne and The Carolingian Empire Essay April, 4, Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire A major part of European history is the building of France. Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire was major factor in the rise to modern France and a huge part of it history.

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Charlemagne Essay Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, was born the eldest son of Pepin the Short, king of the Franks (–), and his wife, Bertrada of Laon. Upon his father’s death the Frankish kingdom was divided between Charlemagne and his younger brother Carloman in Charlemagne Essay Words | 6 Pages. Charlemagne, also known as Charles the Great and Charles I, was not only a king of France, but a commanding historical figure. Charlemagne is believed to have been born sometime around the year